Newsletter Back Issues

Each individual back issue is available for purchase. The hardcopy will be mailed to you after checkout.

Vol. 1 No. 1

  • Electric baseboard heaters are not always the fire cause culprits.
  • How smoke detectors work and why they may not work.
  • Operating temperatures of an electric iron.
  • Electrical receptacles not in use can cause fires.
  • Special Report: gas water heater fires and how a safety shutoff works.
  • Kitchen fires: It pays to know what's cooking.

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Vol. 1 No. 2

  • Delayed ignition device: Do you have one in your home?
  • Burn speed tests produce surprising results.
  • Consumer Product Safety Act mandates hazard reporting.
  • How hot light bulbs get.
  • Special Report: residential gas regulators.
  • Radiating fins in baseboard heaters key to uncovering failure.
  • On-scene checklist.

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Vol. 1 No. 3

  • Bimetal is vital part of an appliance's control system.
  • Does a curling iron get hot enough to ignite?
  • Determine yourself if a circuit breaker tripped.
  • Avoid cross contamination with easy-to-use methods.
  • Special Report: portable kerosene heaters.
  • Pop-Tarts® fuel faulty toasters and produce burning results.

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All of Volume 1

Features the 3 issues published in 1993.

Price: $36.00

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Vol. 2 No. 1

  • Part 1: Electricity 101 for investigators.
  • Tip-over switches make heaters virtually foolproof.
  • How hot does a self-cleaning oven get?
  • Hearth extension is an important consideration in an investigation.
  • Special Report: gas furnace fires.
  • Popular extension cord reels can be dangerous.
  • NFPA Section 921 premieres: faulty indicators.
  • Fire Findings' 1993 index.

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Vol. 2 No. 2

  • Spontaneous combustion not instantaneous (includes a list of common materials subject to spontaneous heating).
  • How a three-way switch works.
  • How hot does an air gun get?
  • Part II: Electricity 101 for investigators - Computing resistance to determine current load.
  • Special Report: preparing useful, easy-to-use diagrams.
  • NFPA 921: Interviewing section for most inexperienced.
  • Isolated product malfunctions can cause fires. (Fire Findings examines a hair dryer's quality control problem as an example.)
  • Cigarette delays don't always work, but when they do...

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Vol. 2 No. 3

  • Flash point temps can help validate witness statements (plus a list of temps for some common flammable liquids).
  • Laundry fires classic spontaneous combustion cases.
  • How thermal cutoffs (TCOs) work.
  • How hot does a waterbed heater get?
  • Special Report: electrical receptacle fires.
  • Part III: Electricity 101 for investigators -I2R formula can help determine potential for fire causes.
  • Charcoal briquettes remain hot longer than 26 hours.
  • NFPA 921: How to take accurate char measurements.
  • Recreational boat recalls.

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Vol. 2 No. 4

  • Load center protects circuit breakers better than expected: An analysis of breaker behavior during a test fire.
  • How hot do glue guns get?
  • How transformers work.
  • AC: Why it's the current of choice and how it works.
  • Special Report: recessed light fixtures - how they work, fail and start fires. Includes how to examine these fixtures.
  • NFPA 921: Burning under doors doesn't imply arson.
  • Holiday decoration product recalls.

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All of Volume 2

Features the 4 issues published in 1994.

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Vol. 3 No. 1

  • Concrete core sections may increase chances of identifying accelerants.
  • Burn tests show one bag of potato chips fuels fire.
  • How hot does a toaster get?
  • How propane tank vapor withdrawal valve works.
  • Special Report: floating neutrals - how to check continuity to ground and a checklist for determining the problems.
  • Exclusive smoke detector burn tests: Don't make assumptions about presence of them.
  • NFPA 921: fire patterns.
  • Fire Findings' 1994 Index.

Price: $15.00

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Vol. 3 No. 2

  • Tests burn hole in '1-inch per 45-minute' wood burn rule.
  • Range control analysis yields useful observations.
  • How hot do fuses get?
  • NFPA unveils new 921 edition that includes many changes.
  • Special report: fuel-related boat fires, interviewing tips, checking for vapors or raw gas and recreational boat recalls.
  • Bird nest fire hazards not just for the birds.
  • Water heater main burner timing experiment and findings.

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Vol. 3 No. 3

  • Fire timing test results show fires may only appear to start rapidly, and what witnesses don't see can impact your cause determinations.
  • Highest temps during a test fire weren't at higher levels.
  • How hot do bread makers get?
  • NFPA 921's appliance section doesn't address key items.
  • Special report: Close-up photos and a question / answer format show you what to look for when examining wires.
  • Photo examination shows you how a toaster works.
  • Proposed UL Standards lead to important propane valve system safety changes.

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Vol. 3 No. 4

  • Test results add further doubt to the reliability of concrete spalling as an indicator.
  • Other tests show gasoline doesn't cool the surface beneath it.
  • Slow cookers - How hot do they get?
  • Don't like portions of NFPA 921? You can do something about it.
  • Special report: Noted authority, David C. Smith, explains how heat tapes and cables work and fail. He also discusses what to examine during your inspection.
  • Protected area tests indicate the space under a combustible piece of furniture may not always be protected.

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All of Volume 3

Features the 4 issues published in 1995.

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Vol. 4 No. 1

  • Gas leaks: Joints are common sources for problems.
  • Relays are important parts of HVAC systems.
  • Electric radiators - How hot do they get?
  • NFPA 921 - Heed advice about red flags.
  • Special report: Noted authority, James M. Finneran, explains how coffeemakers work and fail. Includes a list of coffeemaker recalls.
  • X-rays: Nondestructive exams can lead to accurate determinations.
  • Fire Findings' 1995 Index.

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Vol. 4 No. 2

  • Multiple origins? Maybe not in balloon-frame building fires.
  • Flame rollout switch guards against elevated temperatures.
  • Pop quiz: Unattended popcorn does what?
  • Recently sold homes: Buyers' remorse rarely the reason for fires.
  • Special Report: Gas chromatography.
  • NFPA 921: Proposed canine amendment addresses concerns of improper use.
  • Tests seem to cool the burning nail theory.

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Vol. 4 No. 3

  • Exterior fires in residential settings: Some probable sources may help you determine fire causes.
  • Flame ionization detector senses presence of flame.
  • Push lawn mowers get hot, but seldom cause fires.
  • Physical evidence at the scene may help you discover when someone was last there.
  • Special Report: Clothes dryer fires (Part I).
  • NFPA 921: Accelerants raise temperatures faster, not higher.
  • Reader telephone calls prompt testing on halogen lamps.

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Vol. 4 No. 4

  • Alloying helps explain how some materials melt at temperatures lower than expected.
  • Spontaneous combustion test: Outside of linseed oil bundle was room temperature, but the inside was hot.
  • How hot does a coffeemaker get?
  • Special Report: Clothes dryer fires (Part II).
  • NFPA 921: Safety at the scene.
  • Tests put kibosh on exploding, flying can theory.

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All of Volume 4

Features the 4 issues published in 1996.

Price: $45.00

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Vol. 5 No. 1

  • Loose gas pipe fittings: Physics basics may aid investigation.
  • Plug fuses halt current almost instantly.
  • Hair dryer temps make good comparisons.
  • Curing fiberglass resin creates chemical reaction but no fire.
  • Special Report: Electrical apparatus remains.
  • Add smoke detectors to your list of potential fire causes (plus list of smoke detector recalls).
  • Fire Findings' 1996 Index.

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Vol. 5 No. 2

  • Horizontal surface testing yields clues to fire's origin.
  • Test confirms NFPA 921 saddle burn theory.
  • How it Works: GFCIs compare strength of magnetic fields.
  • How hot does a kitchen get?
  • Case study: Tracing internal wiring of electric iron irons out melting mystery.
  • Special Report: Expert Witness Testimony.
  • Time and Temp: Can twisting, squeezing and compressing a conductor cause a fire?
  • Interview with Kirk's Fire Investigation author, John D. DeHaan, Ph.D.
  • NFPA 921: Examining slopes of holes may help find fire source.

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Vol. 5 No. 3

  • Fireworks not just personal injury hazards - fire risks associated with many.
  • Recreational boat-related defects and recall campaigns.
  • How hot does a heating pad get?
  • Electric range tests produce similar results to 1993 gas range experiment.
  • Special Report: LP gas cylinders, plus news on the new overfill prevention device.
  • Lightning detection service monitors strikes within 1,500-foot radius.

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Vol. 5 No. 4

  • Medium petroleum distillates - These ignitable liquids may or may not be accelerants. (Plus a chart of ignitable liquid residues' classifications.)
  • Study in refraction is a reminder of what light can do.
  • How hot does a charcoal-firewood starter get?
  • Crematorium tour aids fire death investigation.
  • Special Report - candle fires. Plus, ASTM, NCA and CPSC initiate voluntary standard talks.
  • NFPA 921 - A total burn" fire scene may not be a complete loss.
  • Sprinkler heads typically one of two designs.
  • Training materials and certification are useful tools for wood stove and fireplace investigations.
  • ""p>• Medium petroleum distillates - These ignitable liquids may or may not be accelerants. (Plus a chart of ignitable liquid residues' classifications.)
  • Study in refraction is a reminder of what light can do."

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All of Volume 5

Features the 4 issues published in 1997.

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Vol. 6 No. 1

  • Cigarette fires in paper trash: Results difficult to believe, even after 300 tests.
  • New Bureau of ATF FIRE Center slated.
  • How hot does a dimmer switch get?
  • Burn patterns on floors may not indicate arson.
  • Special Report: heat release rate (Part I).
  • Circuit protection devices respond differently depending on situation.
  • Fire Findings' 1997 index.

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Vol. 6 No. 2

  • Making sense of electrical receptacle remains starts with tracing wiring.
  • How hot does a lava lamp get?
  • Updated NFPA 921 guide published.
  • Special Report: heat release rate (Part II).
  • Using scientific calculators to compute flame heights, heat release rates.
  • Determining heat release rates using flame heights (chart shown in meters and feet).
  • Toaster pastry update: Only two boxes included fire-risk caution.

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Vol. 6 No. 3

  • Alcoholic beverages burn efficiently, but don't prove effective accelerants.
  • What happens when you leave a hot iron on fabric?
  • How hot does a transformer get?
  • Solenoid valve uses electricity to control gas flow.
  • Special Report: Nonverbal communication plus body language tips.
  • Heat release rate and flashover (Part III).

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Vol. 6 No. 4

  • Clothes dryer lint: Spontaneous heating doesn't occur in any of 16 tests.
  • Electric iron update: A week later, it still didn't start a fire.
  • Electrical conductor temps stay low in insulation, but different conditions could lead to ignition.
  • NFPA 921: New video series excellent accompaniment to 921 guide.
  • Special Report: gas explosions.
  • Split coil gas burner has few parts, but is a complex system.

Price: $15.00

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All of Volume 6

Features the 4 issues published in 1998.

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Vol. 7 No. 1

  • New cord fault circuit interrupter (CFCI) technology designed to detect fire-causing conditions.
  • Cord abuse testing leads to higher temps, internal arcing.
  • New Dex Wipe Warmer’s temps much lower than recalled product.
  • NFPA 921: Tape recording statements doesn’t need to be distracting or annoying.
  • Special Report: Eyewitness Memory / Interviewing Tips / Swiss Nanny arson-murder case.
  • Part II — Clothes dryer lint: Testing reaffirms spontaneous heating of lint is unlikely.
  • Fire Findings’ 1998 index.

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Vol. 7 No. 2

  • Surge suppressors: Real protection or potential hazards?
  • How hot does a natural gas-fired water heater get?
  • NFPA 921: Mastering definitions not a waste of time.
  • Special Report: Low-temperature wood ignition.
  • Boat-related defects and recall campaigns.
  • Arc mapping can provide valuable clues of fire's origin.
  • Arcing in conduit generally a result of the fire.

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Vol. 7 No. 3

  • Heat and temperature are not interchangeable concepts (includes 'specific heat' values of some common substances).
  • NFPA 921: Prepare today for opposing counsel’s questions.
  • How Hot Does It Get — self-heating meals.
  • Special Report: Electric system operations and power 'surges'.
  • Part II: Surge suppressors’ voltages, components and quality vary.
  • High resistance connection may be fire-causing culprit, too.

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Vol. 7 No. 4

  • Electronic card catalogs good place to start research.
  • Washing machine effluent may provide clues in dryer fire investigations.
  • Glowing electrical connections’ study revisited.
  • Special Report: Close-up photography.
  • NFPA 921: Does it matter when you choose to interview?
  • More involved in evidence tagging than meets the eye.
  • Noting product fasteners’ history of use can be helpful.

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All of Volume 7

Features the 4 issues published in 1999.

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Vol. 8 No. 1

  • Prefabricated chimneys: Proper installation and precautions reduce risks associated with use.
  • Ceramic heater acts fast when overheated.
  • Special Report: Part I. Panelboard examinations.
  • NFPA 921: Proposed changes to next edition could have substantial impact.
  • Insulation analysis: Cellulose and mineral wool look deceptively alike but similarity stops there.
  • Learning to narrow Web results can be the key to successful on-line searching.

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Vol. 8 No. 2

  • Part II: Panelboard examinations.
  • New electric range’s coils heat faster and hotter.
  • InterFIRE VR well worth the wait.
  • Special Report: Examining switches, including meter makes short work of testing for electrical continuity.
  • Arc-fault circuit interrupter (AFCI): New device protects against electrical arcing.

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Vol. 8 No. 3

  • Carbon tracking: Poor insulation, contaminants make for potential fire cause.
  • NFPA 921: Technical committee affirms controversial proposals.
  • LP-gas, natural gas grills reach similar temperatures.
  • Newer toaster technology uses electronics instead of bimetals for timers.
  • Special Report — Burn tests: ignition elevations of first fuels and fire origins.
  • Novelty lamps: potential fire causes?
  • Cutler-Hammer self-study courses introduce electrical fundamentals.

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Vol. 8 No. 4

  • Heat-bulb testing: Wood, straw and towels respond differently at close distances to lamps.
  • Delayed ignition devices: Legendary balloon and gasoline device sounds better than it performs; without a timer, others don't have much delay.
  • Special Report: Electric blanket fires.
  • NFPA 921: Negative corpus, other proposals change for final draft of next edition.

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All of Volume 8

Features the 4 issues published in 2000.

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Vol. 9 No. 1

  • Floor-level burning: What kinds of damage do burning accelerants cause?
  • How Hot Does It Get: soldering iron operating temperatures.
  • Uniform symbols to use for diagramming electrical systems.
  • Special Report: Utility voltage control.
  • NFPA 921: fire scene reconstruction and prefire positioning.

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Vol. 9 No. 2

  • Outdoor LP-gas cooker testing: Just-right conditions can lead to disastrous results.
  • Lighting at the fire scene (flashlights).
  • How hot does candle wax get?
  • NFPA 921: interpreting electrical wire damage.
  • Special Report: electrical apparatus remains revisited.
  • Halogen work-light testing.

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Vol. 9 No. 3

  • Household chemicals: Warning labels hint of fire hazards, but are they a significant fuel source?
  • NFPA 921: New edition's additions and updates (2001 edition premieres).
  • Hot rollers' operating temperatures.
  • Swivel outlet cover: Receptacle aimed at safety may prove otherwise.
  • Special Report: burn pattern testing (V-patterns).
  • How it Works: automatic shut-off mechanisms.
  • Boat defects and recalls.

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Vol. 9 No. 4

  • Excavating debris — look beyond the floor for important clues to fire's cause.
  • Holiday mini-lights (how they work) — shunt begins operating when filament breaks or burns out.
  • Scorched battery charger leads to testing (how hot does it get).
  • NFPA 921: additions to other evidentiary factors" section takes 921 into new territory.
  • Special Report: residential steam boilers.
  • Errors and omissions coverage can protect from financial disaster.
  • ""p>• Excavating debris — look beyond the floor for important clues to fire's cause.
  • Holiday mini-lights (how they work) — shunt begins operating when filament breaks or burns out.
  • •"

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All of Volume 9

Features the 4 issues published in 2001.

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Vol. 10 No. 1

  • Exterior electrical exams: Important aspect of fire scene exam.
  • WAAS-enabled GPS receives may have applications for larger fire-scene work.
  • Operating temperatures of a multi-cooker (countertop deep-fat fryer).
  • Input for 2004 edition of NFPA 921 due soon.
  • Special Report: Forced Entry.
  • Kirk's author, John DeHaan, adds to V-pattern discussion (excerpt of new edition also included).

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Vol. 10 No. 2

  • Bystander videos: Using them intelligently may strengthen your investigations.
  • Knob-and-tube wiring installations: how they work.
  • Toaster oven operating temperatures and hazards.
  • NFPA 921: Depth of char analysis.
  • Special Report: Candle Fires Update.
  • Part I: Water heater testing — varying the air supply.

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Vol. 10 No. 3

  • Circuit breaker tripping: magnetic field or temperture rise yields different breaker trip times.
  • With the flick of a cigarette, floral arrangments are set afire.
  • FryDaddy (electric deep fryer) operating temperatures.
  • NFPA 921: Incendiary indicators ('too hot,' 'too fast' not among those listed).
  • Special Report: gas regulator lock-ups plus how to test regulator pressure.
  • Overcurrent testing: small temp increases fail to damage conductors, let alone create fire-causing conditions.

Price: $15.00

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Vol. 10 No. 4

  • Furnace ignition systems: High-efficiency technology brings variances among manufacturers.
  • NFPA 921: Working with the scientific method a basic tool of today's investigations.
  • Operating temperatures of the George Foreman Lean Mean Fat Reducing Grilling Machine."
  • How it Works: A gas shutoff valve leaks after the fire — here's why.
  • Special Report: Ignitable Liquid Classification Update (ASTM International E 1387 and E 1618).
  • Prevailing winds: Structures can significantly block or alter wind direction.
  • ""p>• Furnace ignition systems: High-efficiency technology brings variances among manufacturers.
  • NFPA 921: Working with the scientific method a basic tool of today's investigations.
  • Operating temperatures of the George Foreman "Lean Mean Fat Reducing Grilling Machine."
  • How it Works: A gas"">• Furnace ignition systems: High-efficiency technology brings varia"

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All of Volume 10

Features the 4 issues published in 2002.

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Vol. 11 No. 1

  • Masonry fireplaces: Improper construction years ago may lead to fires today.
  • Occupational health and safety: Risks still present after fire extinguishment.
  • Roof de-icing cable requires extra care (operating temperatures test).
  • Look for fuel gas as an influence on fire development or as a cause.
  • Special Report: electric blanket fires (Part I) plus how to handle, preserve crucial components.
  • How the mechanical electric meter works.

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Vol. 11 No. 2

  • Electric blanket fires — common failures (Part II).
  • Updated curriculum vitae (CV) essential part of being an expert witness.
  • Salamander heater (portable forced-air heater) operating temperatures.
  • NFPA 921: evaluating low burn patterns.
  • Special Report: aerosols and fire science.
  • Identifying the age, manufacturer of burned mystery" appliances.
  • ""p>• Electric blanket fir"

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Vol. 11 No. 3

  • Indicators of insurance fraud.
  • Ignition Handbook by Vytenis Babrauskas.
  • Heating pad comparisons and operating temperatures.
  • Southwest Mobile Storage burn chamber.
  • Special Report: Neon lighting fires.
  • Tripped circuit breakers after a fire: what they mean.

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Vol. 11 No. 4

  • Attorney questionnaire: Investigators should evaluate cases honestly and prepare totally.
  • Language Line Services: interpreter services.
  • How Hot Does it Get? Incandescent nightlight.
  • ATF National Laboratory Center.
  • Special Report: Juvenile firesetting.
  • NFPA 921: surface effect statement.

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All of Volume 11

Features the 4 issues published in 2003.

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Vol. 12 No. 1

  • Voltage required to cause arcs and sparks.
  • LP-gas tank top heater operating temperatures.
  • NFPA 921: User's Manual premieres.
  • Special Report: methamphetamine lab fires.
  • Alarm systems: gaining crucial info after a fire.

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Vol. 12 No. 2

  • NFPA 921: Preparation for 2007 edition starts plus proposal-writing tips.
  • Case study: Keep the gas grill clean and off a wood deck (blocked venturi tubes leading to fires).
  • How it Works: gas grill igniter.
  • Hair straightener operating temperatures.
  • Special Report: clues from smoke stains and soot.
  • Poor housekeeping out of control: hoarders' collections and the risk of fire.

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Vol. 12 No. 3

  • Researching marine fires: Electrical failures and overheating top insurer's fire-cause list.
  • Minutiae of fire investigation: What wall covering was in use?
  • Dishwasher heating element's operating temperatures.
  • Special Report: metallurgy and origin/cause.
  • NFPA 921: 2004 edition arrives with important changes.

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Vol. 12 No. 4

  • Gas water heaters and new flammable vapor ignition resistant (FVIR) technology.
  • Assessing human factors in product design.
  • Special Report: electric space heaters.
  • Using building features to evaluate burn patterns (Fire Scene Reconstruction, book excerpt).
  • Testing Molotov cocktails for DNA.

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All of Volume 12

Features the 4 issues published in 2004.

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Vol. 13 No. 1

  • Electric space heaters (Part II): Clues to determining if this appliance caused a fire.
  • CPSC seeking electrical panelboards and receptacles involved in fires.
  • Melted fluorescent light bulb and recall of them.
  • Special Report: Protocol primer.
  • Using pre-fire photographs to capture essence of burned structures.

Price: $15.00

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Vol. 13 No. 2

  • Toxicology primer for fire investigators.
  • NFPA 921: tracking changes from edition to edition.
  • Propane torch operating temperatures.
  • How it Works: hot surface igniters for gas ovens.
  • Special Report: basics of arc mapping.
  • Inspecting ground-fault protection (GFP) devices after a fire.

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Vol. 13 No. 3

  • Careful exterior inspection can aid determination process.
  • How a power-vent water heater works.
  • New column premieres: What's Inside -- this issue we cover wall-mounted thermostats.
  • NFPA 921: The case of the overdriven or misdriven staple.
  • Special Report: fluorescent lighting (Part I).
  • Conductors 101: Learning properties and sizing techniques can help identify device, maker.

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Vol. 13 No. 4

  • Electrostatic pinholing: Charge buildup in PE pipe may lead to gas leaks, ignition.
  • How it Works: dehumidifier.
  • What's Inside: microwave magnetron.
  • NFPA 921 and confirmed incendiary fires: Serial arson clues may lie in other types of fires.
  • Special Report: fluorescent lighting (Part II).
  • Sketching: A valuable tool if done early in an investigation.

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All of Volume 13

Features the 4 issues published in 2005.

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Vol. 14 No. 1

  • A matter of inches: Slight changes in variables make a difference in resulting test fires.
  • How instant-demand (tankless) water heaters work.
  • Wire nuts, aka pressure-type wire connectors, are tiny parts that perform a big job in any wiring project.
  • Special Report: high-efficiency gas furnaces.
  • When flame-rollout leads to fires.

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Vol. 14 No. 2

  • Fire Findings moving its offices, testing and seminar facilities.
  • What's Inside: Bakelite still recognizable after a fire.
  • How it Works: Multitude of receptacle grades available, but U.S. specifies few straight blade grades.
  • Special Report: Clues to identifying remains.
  • Returning to the scene: Preparation is key to making good use of time.
  • Editor's Note: Daubert and dinosaurs.

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Vol. 14 No. 3

  • Aging a house: Knowledge of materials may help determine decade of construction.
  • Video surveillance camera: Technology advancements make canvassing efforts worthwhile.
  • What's Inside: Infinite control switch.
  • NFPA 921: Fire-related human behavior.
  • Special Report: Origin determination primer.
  • How it Works: Spa systems.

Price: $15.00

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Vol. 14 No. 4

  • Manufactured fireplaces: Installation instructions more complicated than you think.
  • What's Inside: oxygen depletion sensor.
  • Investigating Residential Dryer Fires: April 2007 symposium.
  • Special Report: cell phone evidence.
  • Using heavy equipment at the scene.

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All of Volume 14

Features the 4 issues published in 2006.

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Vol. 15 No. 1

  • Part I: The Testifying Investigator - Consideration of litigation begins at the scene.
  • NFPA 921: Committee issues proposal report.
  • What's Inside: Mechanical timer controls operation of appliance.
  • Phantom power: devices turned off" may create fire hazards.
  • Special Report: Interviewing occupants (Part I).
  • How it Works: Battery chargers.
  • ""p>• Part I: The Testifying Investigator - Consideration of litigation begins at the scene.
  • NFPA 921: Committee issues pro"

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Vol. 15 No. 2

  • Unvented logs can lead to soot problems.
  • Part II: The Testifying Investigator - Knowing what and when to report is central part of investigative process.
  • What's Inside: Bias thermostat makes lower temperature possible in a clothes dryer.
  • Special Report: Dishwasher fires.
  • Interviewing occupants (Part II).

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Vol. 15 No. 3

  • Cigarette fires in fabrics: After 500 tests, results may be difficult to fathom.
  • States step up to enact "fire-safe" cigarette legislation.
  • NFPA 921: Wildfire chapter applies to more than wildland fires.
  • What's Inside: incandescent and halogen bulbs.
  • DeHaan makes substantive changes to new edition of Kirk's Fire Investigation.
  • Special Report: Arc mapping follow up.
  • How It Works: air conditioning systems.

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Vol. 15 No. 4

  • Taking on the challenge of group fire scene exams and tips for streamlining inspections.
  • NFPA 921: Low burn not proof of an incendiary fire.
  • What's Inside: excess flow valve.
  • Smoke Characterization Project and the significance behind the findings for fire investigators.
  • Special Report: cellulose insulation tests.
  • How it Works: capillary tube thermostat.

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All of Volume 15

Features the 4 issues published in 2007.

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Vol. 16 No. 1

  • Gasoline vapor testing: What makes a competent ignition source?
  • Residential Electricity for Fire Investigators: New Fire Findings seminar makes debut.
  • What's Inside: capacitor motor.
  • NFPA 921: Addition of guidelines could improve interviewing section.
  • Special Report: smoke alarm evaluations.
  • Case study: The Missing Firebox.

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Vol. 16 No. 2

  • Unfused lines at the service entrance make for potential ignition source.
  • Compact fluorescent lights warrant caution in some instances.
  • NFPA 921: Changes to origin determination chapter may have impact.
  • Special Report: cooktop control analysis.
  • How It Works: Today's notes make tomorrow's testimony noteworthy.

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Vol. 16 No. 3

  • The effects of Daubert: Experts must protect reputations and financial interests.
  • When wiring is an issue, arm yourself with knowledge.
  • What's Inside: the basic box or pedestal fan.
  • Type of mulch and lighting may be important to scene exam.
  • Special Report: Apartment / condominium fires.
  • Case study: Can a high resistance connection lead to a fire even after a load is removed?

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Vol. 16 No. 4

  • If a product is "listed," does that mean it can't cause a fire?
  • UL offers variety of product testing services.
  • Create "grids" to X-ray larger masses of burned debris.
  • What's Inside: Heat tape and heat cable are not the same.
  • NFPA 921: "Inductive reasoning" moved in latest edition.
  • Special Report: Fireplace installation issues.
  • Contaminated water + electricity = potential fire hazard.

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All of Volume 16

Features the 4 issues published in 2008.

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Vol. 17 No. 1

  • Improper fireplace use: problems run the gamut.
  • What do the markings on circuit breakers mean?
  • Special Report: Refrigerator fires.
  • How it Works: Instant-demand gas water heater.
  • Was the switch on or off? X-rays may provide the answer.

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Vol. 17 No. 2

  • Testing lit cigarettes in potting soil and peat moss.
  • Verification of lightning data and the role of the fire investigator.
  • What's Inside: air freshener heating element.
  • NFPA 921: spoliation material.
  • Special Report: anticipating the fire scene.
  • How it Works: operation of a pellet stove.
  • X-ray Vision: small fuses (overcurrent protection device).

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Vol. 17 No. 3

  • NFPA 921: Q & A interview with Chairman Randy Watson.
  • What's Inside: power strip aka relocatable power tap (RPT).
  • Experimenting with expanding foam insulation and fire potential.
  • Special Report: reflective radiant barriers.
  • How it Works: heating elements are workhorses" of electric appliances.
  • ""p>• NFPA 921: Q & A interview with "

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Vol. 17 No. 4

  • Overcurrent: Evaluation should include evaluation of conductors, loads and circuit protection (checklist included).
  • Using physical evidence to prove – or disprove – a witness' credibility.
  • X-ray Vision: gas regulators.
  • "Piggyback plug": Blades and fuses make it uniquely different.
  • Special Report: water heaters revisited.
  • Garage fires: Challenges are many when investigating.

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All of Volume 17

Features the 4 issues published in 2009.

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Vol. 18 No. 1

  • Fire-safe cigarettes: Are they really less likely to ignite other combustibles?
  • Cellulose at the seminar: Attendees get unexpected bonus" with wood-burning stove demonstration.
  • What's Inside: Humidifiers.
  • Special Report: Barometric kerosene heaters.
  • NFPA 921: Time to comment on proposals for 2011 edition.
  • X-ray Vision: Gas shutoff – was it open or closed?
  • ""p>• Fire-safe cigarettes: Are they really less likely to ignite other combustibles?
  • Cellulose at the seminar: Attendees get unexpected "bonus" with wood-burning stove demonstration.
  • What's Inside: Humidifiers.
  • Special Report: Barometric "">• Fire-safe cigarettes: Are they really less likely to ignite other combustibles?
  • Cellulose at the seminar:"

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Vol. 18 No. 2

  • Did the fire start inside or outside appliance? Witnesses, burn patterns and assessment of fuel package may assist.
  • X-ray Vision: Computer batteries – despite recalls, complete analysis still required.
  • How it Works: Interviewing not just about the questions themselves.
  • Special Report: Packaged terminal air conditioners (PTAC).
  • NFPA 921: Definitions chapter evolves with the rest of NFPA document.

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Vol. 18 No. 3

  • Shortened bulb life may provide clues about fire cause.
  • Cellulose insulation testing continues: What happens when it comes in contact with hot surfaces?
  • Special Report: Investigate like Holmes.
  • Gas grill fires: Type of fire can vary depending on a number of factors, including amount of use.
  • What's Inside: Window air conditioner.

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Vol. 18 No. 4

  • Junction boxes not necessarily required to make electrical connections.
  • Oil furnaces and other oil-fueled appliances require burning the fuel oil just right.
  • What's Inside: Radiator-style heater.
  • Special Report: Was the device plugged in?
  • How to make the most of a phone interview.
  • X-ray Vision: Power strips and surge suppressor radiographs may provide important information.
  • How it Works: Thermistors.

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All of Volume 18

Features the 4 issues published in 2010.

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